Saint Bartholomew's Night



23 August 1572

Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre was a turning point in the French Wars of Religion. It was a series of targeted assassinations and mob violence against the Huguenots (French Calvinist Protestants). It started on 23 August 1572 in Paris, on Saint Bartholomew's Night, the eve before the feast of Bartholomew the Apostle. The massacres spread throughout other cities and the countryside and lasted several weeks.

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    Chateau Tanlay, Burgundy. Tanlay, begun early in the 16th century, was bought by the Coligny family in 1535. After the assassination of Admiral Gaspard Coligny, his widow Louise and their son, Francois de Coligny d'Andelot lived at Tanlay.

    14-04-02/24

    The harbour and fortress of La Rochelle, Charente. The narrow waterway to the Old Harbour runs between St. Nicholas' Tower and Chain-Tower. La Rochelle was a Protestant stronghold until Cardinal Richelieu reconquered it for Louis XIII.

    23-03-06/31

    Admiral Gaspard de Coligny (1519-1572), French Calvinist, statesman, and officer, assassinated during Saint Bartholomew's night. Oil on oakwood (ca. 1560)

    26-01-02/40

    King Henri III of France (1551-1589), last king of the House of Valois, third son of Catherine de' Medici. His reign saw the civil war between Huguenots and the Catholic League.Henri III was assassinated by a monk of the League. Canvas, 199 x 117 cm Inv.81

    26-01-03/26

    The three Dukes de Guise: Henri le Balafre, leader of the catholic party, on his left Charles, Duc de Mayenne, and on his right Louis, Cardinal de Lorraine. Oil on wood

    26-03-01/55

    Room of King Henri III in Blois. Henri, Duke de Guise, leader of the Catholic League against the Protestants, was assassinated here on December 23, 1588, by gentlemen of the King's Guard, on the King's orders.

    26-03-01/56

    The three brothers Coligny, leaders of the Protestant Party. From left to right: Odet, the Cardinal, Gaspard, the Admiral (whose assassination triggered the Nuit de Saint Barthelemy) and Francois, the General. ca.1580

    26-03-01/57

    Chateau Tanlay, Burgundy. Tanlay, begun early in the 16th century, was bought by the Coligny family in 1535. After the assassination of Admiral Gaspard Coligny, his widow Louise and their son, Francois de Coligny d'Andelot lived at Tanlay.

    26-03-01/58

    Hall of the Conspirators: The Huguenots met here during the Wars of Religion. Members of the court of Catherine de Medici are shown here as Greek gods: Coligny as Nep- tune, Henri II as Mars, Charles IX as double-headed Janus, Queen Margot (la reine Margot) as Minerva

    26-03-01/59

    Hall of the Conspirators. The Huguenots met here during the Wars of Religion. Members of the court of Catherine de Medici are shown here as Greek gods: Cardinal Coligny as Neptune, Henri II as Mars, Charles IX as double-headed Janus, Queen Margot as Minerva.

    26-03-01/60

    The Hall of the Conspirators: The Huguenots met here during the Wars of Religion. Members of the court of Catherine de Medici are shown here as Greek deities: Henri II as Mars, Diane de Poitiers, mistress of Henri, great enemy of the Protestants, as Venus

    26-03-01/61

    Procession of the Catholic League on the Place de Greve in Paris. The League founded against the Huguenots by French Catholics under the leadership of the three brothers Guise, later also turned against French Kings Henri III and Henri IV.

    26-03-01/63

    The Entry of Louis XIII into the Fortress La Rochelle, November 1, 1628. Behind the King Cardinal Richelieu. La Rochelle was a Protestant stronghold since the early 16th century. Oil on wood, 185 x 143 cm

    26-03-02/42

    The harbour and fortress of La Rochelle, Charente. The narrow waterway to the Old Harbour runs between St. Nicholas' Tower and Chain-Tower. La Rochelle was a Protestant stronghold until Cardinal Richelieu reconquered it for Louis XIII.

    26-03-02/43

    Zodiac,from the portolan of Admiral Coligny. Italian manuscript, MS.700/1602,fol.4 verso and 5 recto.

    32-01-02/30

    Massacre of Saint Bartholomew, August 23,1572, detail. Painter:Francois Dubois, 1529-1584

    39-15-07/ 3

    The assassination of Admiral Coligny (left, on horseback), and the massacre of Saint Bartholomew´s night. Print by Hogenberg

    39-15-07/ 4

    The Massacre of the Triumvirate. Allusion to the massacre of the Protestants on April 6, 1561 by the Triumvirate (Connetable de Montmorency, Jaques d'Albon de St. Andre, and the Duc de Guise). Oil on canvas (1566), 116x195 cm - RF 1939-28

    40-11-04/ 8

    Maximilien de Bethune, Baron de Rosny, Duc de Sully, Marechal de France (1560-1641), childhood friend and companion at arms of King Henri IV. While the King converted to the Catholic faith, Sully remained a Protestant. Round pewter plaque, gilded, 15 cm across.

    40-11-04/32

    Henri II, king of France (1519-1559) Wood, 35 x 20,5 cm INV. 3259

    40-11-09/ 9

    Catherine de' Medici, queen of France (1519-1582) wife of king Henri II. Wood, 30 x 25 cm INV. 3276

    40-11-09/11

    Francois de Lorraine, Duc de Guise (1510-1563), leader of the Catholic Party during the war between the protestant Huguenots and the catholic League. Wood, 31 x 23 cm INV. 3267

    40-11-09/12

    Henri III, king of France (1551-1589), last king of the House of Valois. Canvas, 198 x 108 cm INV. 9260

    40-11-09/35

    Henri de Lorraine, Duc de Guise (1550-1588), son of Francois de Lorraine. Assassinated upon order of king Henri III. Canvas, 190 x 110 cm INV. 20231

    40-11-09/36

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