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    Palaeolithic (Old Stone Age)

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    Cattle gathered next to a group of huts represented by white ovals. Behind a line of calves tethered to a rope are a group of women and children working. Fresco from Tassili N'Ajjer. Henri Lhote Collection

    06-01-01/34

    Venus of Willendorf. Carved out of limestone, 11cm tall, discovered at an excavation in Willendorf, Lower Austria on 7 August 1908. One of the many female statuettes, nicknamed "Venus" figurines, that were made of stone, bone and ivory in the Upper Palaeolithic, 28.000 to 12.000 BCE. Statuettes with similar features - symmetrical posture, large breasts, abdomen and buttocks, reduced arms and feet, no face - were found throuout Europe, from western France to Siberia. Their purpose and meaning to the palaeolithic hunters and gatherers is subject to much speculation. The interpretations range from stone age sex symbol and mother godess to talisman, shaman and ancestor cult object, dependig on the interpreter and his or her social and political background.

    06-01-01/24

    Women and children and cattle next to a group of huts which are represented by white ovals. Detail of 06-01-01/34 Fresco from Tassili n'Ajjer, Algeria. Henri Lhote Collection

    06-01-01/35

    Venus of Willendorf. Carved out of limestone, 11cm tall, discovered at an excavation in Willendorf, Lower Austria on 7 August 1908. One of the many female statuettes, nicknamed "Venus" figurines, that were made out of stone, bone and ivory in the Upper Palaeolithic, 28.000 to 12.000 BCE. Statuettes with similar features - symmetrical posture, large breasts, abdomen and buttocks, reduced arms and feet, no face - were found throuout Europe, from western France to Siberia. Their purpose and meaning to the palaeolithic hunters and gatherers is subject to much speculation. The interpretations range from stone age sex symbol and mother godess to talisman, shaman and ancestor cult object, dependig on the interpreter and his or her social and political background.

    06-01-01/26

    Women gathering grain. Fresco of Tassili N'Ajjer, Algeria. Henri Lhote Collection

    06-01-01/36

    Ritual dance. Frescos of Tassili N'Ajjer, Algeria. Henri Lhote Collection

    06-01-01/42

    Venus with a horn. Bas-relief. Palaeolithic (20th mill. BCE), found at Laussel near Marquay, Dordogne, France.

    06-01-01/20

    A Neanderthal tomb burial from La Chapelle aux Saints, France, dating from about 50,000 years ago. The extreme infirmities of the skeleton of an old man found at La Chapelle suggest that he was cared for by other members of his clan, or he would not have survived as long as he did. Such discoveries helped to change the original perception of Neanderthals as being brutish and ape-like.

    03-03-03/57

    A weary warrior returns to camp and collapses from exhaustion or wounds, as two figures move towards him to help. Frescos of Tassili N'Ajjer. Henri Lhote Collection

    06-01-01/41

    Sitting women and returning hunter. Frescoes of Tassili N'Ajjer, Algeria. Henri Lhote Collection

    06-01-01/43

    The Brassempouy Woman. Head made from bone of a mammoth, from Landes, France. Palaeolithic (25th mill. BCE) Height 3 cm

    06-01-01/21

    Cattle and herdsmen: women with children. Fresco of Tassili N'Ajjer, Algeria. Henri Lhote Collection.

    06-01-01/37

    Sandstone figure,"The Ancestor", fish-like figure with arms, hands and collar-bone (6000-5500 BCE) from house 44 at Lepenski Vir II, Yugoslavia. Size 51 x 39 cm. Inv. LV 37

    06-01-01/54

    Running deer.Cave painting from Altamira,Santander, Spain.

    03-03-03/ 6

    Venus of Willendorf. Carved out of limestone, 11cm tall, discovered at an excavation in Willendorf, Lower Austria on 7 August 1908. One of the many female statuettes, nicknamed "Venus" figurines, that were made out of stone, bone and ivory in the Upper Palaeolithic, 28.000 to 12.000 BCE. Statuettes with similar features - symmetrical posture, large breasts, abdomen and buttocks, reduced arms and feet, no face - were found throuout Europe, from western France to Siberia. Their purpose and meaning to the palaeolithic hunters and gatherers is subject to much speculation. The interpretations range from stone age sex symbol and mother godess to talisman, shaman and ancestor cult object, dependig on the interpreter and his or her social and political background.

    06-01-01/25

    Bone flute, Paleolithic (Perigordian), about 32,000 years old. The oldest known musical instruments in western Europe appear about 35,000 years ago at the same time as fully modern people like ourselves. Cave paintings, sculpture and jewellery also date from this period. Flutes carved from bone are the oldest recognizable type of instrument. This example from La Roque, Dordogne, France has five holes on the front and two on the back. With the top end blocked except for a small airway it could have been played like a modern recorder. It is similar to 30,000 year-old flutes made on swan wing bones that have been found at Isturitz, France. However, the rockshelter at La Roque contained 30,000 year-old deposits which had been disturbed more recently in the Middle Ages. As a result its age is uncertain. P&EE, Christy Collection

    03-03-03/34

    Hoxne handaxe, Lower Palaeolithic, about 400,000 years ago, from Hoxne, Suffolk, England. This handaxe has been carefully flaked on both faces to produce a pointed form. The two sharp cutting edges mean that the handaxe could have been used as a general purpose butchery tool, or for other cutting tasks.The site at Hoxne has been the subject of several excavations. The most recent, in the 1970s, uncovered extensive flint working areas on the edge of an ancient river. Analysis of pollen and of animal bones, including elephant, rhinoceros and lion, has shown that humans occupied the site towards the end of a warm period, or interglacial, about 400,000 years ago. This period has been named the 'Hoxnian interglacial' after the site. P&EE, Society of Antiquaries Loan

    03-03-03/39

    Burial chamber of "Man of Menton" from the caves of Balzi Rossi. Bones and soil around the skelleton showed an intense red color, caused by powder of ochre the corpse was sprinkled with. The skull was adorned with marine shells. Upper Palaeolithic

    03-03-03/54

    Venus of Willendorf. Carved out of limestone, 11cm tall, discovered at an excavation in Willendorf, Lower Austria on 7 August 1908. One of the many female statuettes, nicknamed "Venus" figurines, that were made out of stone, bone and ivory in the Upper Palaeolithic, 28.000 to 12.000 BCE. Statuettes with similar features - symmetrical posture, large breasts, abdomen and buttocks, reduced arms and feet, no face - were found throuout Europe, from western France to Siberia. Their purpose and meaning to the palaeolithic hunters and gatherers is subject to much speculation. The interpretations range from stone age sex symbol and mother godess to talisman, shaman and ancestor cult object, dependig on the interpreter and his or her social and political background.

    06-01-01/27

    Two bisons.Cave painting from Altamira,Santander, Spain.

    03-03-03/ 5

    Peasant's home on the Danube river near Lepenski Vir, Serbia. Treskavac, a trapezoid mountain on the Romanian (northern) side of the Iron Gate of the Danube can be seen in the distance.

    23-03-03/65

    The Grimaldi Venus. Steatite figure. Palaeolithic (25th mill. BCE) Perigourdien Superieur. Height 4.5 cm

    06-01-01/22

    Head of a bull.Cave painting from Altamira,Santander, Spain.

    14-03-05/ 1

    Un rapt,Age de Pierre - A rape in the stone-age,1888 Canvas,279 x 200 cm

    40-06-14/42

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