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Saladin, Sultan of Egypt (1137/38-1193). Oil on Wood, 16th century. Inv. 1890 n.15 Saladin was a Kurdish Muslim, who became the first Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He led Islamic opposition to the Franks and other European Crusaders in the Levant. At the height of his power, he ruled over Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Hejaz, and Yemen. He led the Muslims against the Crusaders and eventually recaptured Palestine from the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem after his victory in the Battle of Hattin. As such, he is a notable figure in Kurdish, Arab, and Muslim culture.
Osakazu Byobu (Osakajo-zu byobu) - Japanese eight-panel folding screen showing the cityscape of Osaka during the Toyotomi Era (1583-1615) in the Momoyama Period. Schloss Eggenberg (Eggenberg Castle Museum) Graz, Austria. A traditional 8-panel folding screen or byobu, it measures 182 cm (hight) and 480 cms (length). The screen was bought by prince Johann Seyfried von Eggenberg from Dutch merchants around 1660. It was dismanteld in the town-house of the family in Graz, Styria, around 1754 and the panels were brought to the country seat of Eggenberg, when the "Piano Nobile" was renovated. The paintings were individually embedded into the walls of the "Indian Room", Indian Rooms having become highly fashionable in the 18th century,. They were surrounded by "Chinoiseries" from a local painter. The panels are to be read from right bottom to left top.