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    Anthropology, Archaeology, Astronomy, Chemistry, Geography, Mathematics, Physics etc.

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    The School of Athens, one of the murals Raffael painted for Pope Julius II. In the center background, Platon, (Leonardo da Vinci), discourses with Aristotle. Right: Euklid (Bramante) explains a geometrical problem. Around 1510-12


    Trial of Galileo Galilei before the Inquisition, 1633. The scientist and astronomer proved Copernicus' and Kepler's theories of a sun-centered system, a theory the Catholic Church had declared erroneous.


    Rhind Mathematical Papyrus. A number of documents have survived that allow us insight into the ancient Egyptians' approach to mathematics. This papyrus is the most extensive. It is not a theoretical treatise, but a list of practical problems encountered in administrative and building works. The text contains eighty-four problems concerned with numerical operations, practical problem-solving, and geometrical shapes. The majority of literate Egyptians were scribes and they were expected to undertake various tasks. These must have demanded some mathematical as well as writing skills. The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus is also important as a historical document, since the copyist noted that he was writing in year 33 of the reign of Apophis, the penultimate king of the Hyksos 15th Dynasty (about 1650-1550 BCE) and was copied after an original of the 12th Dynasty (about 1985-1795 BCE). On the other side of the papyrus "year 11" is mentioned, with a reference to the taking of some Egyptian towns. This probably refers to the fighting between the Egyptians and the Hyksos before the beginning of the New Kingdom (1550-1070 BCE). However, it is not certain to which king "year 11" refers. Length: 319 cm, width: 34.3 cm; from Thebes, Egypt Around 1550 BCE (end of the Second Intermediate Period) EA 10057


    Kudurru of Babylonian King Melishishu II,1202-1188 BCE who presents his daughter (holding a harp) to Nanai, goddess of health and medicine (detail of 08-02-05/60) Black limestone Kudurru found at Susa, Iran 83 x 42 cm - Sb 23


    The "Madaba map" (Jordan), mosaic floor of an early Christian church. The map mentions nine Jewish tribes and various localities from the New Testament; in the center: Jerusalem, with Emperor Constantine's buildings rising above Calvary and the Holy Sepulchre, Bethlehem, Emmaus, Jericho the Dead Sea. and the river Jordan with the place of Jesus' baptism

    15-03-05/ 2

    Marco Polo with a caravan. Illustration from the "Catalan Atlas". Around 1375.


    Operating the fool's stone. Oil on canvas


    Wounded Aeneas between Venus and Ascanius, from the Casa di Sirico, VII 1,25 Pompeii. Inv. 9009 1st CE


    King William I,the Conqueror,accompanied by knights and soldiers,14th century.A page of illustrated Latin text showing the Conqueror riding a horse bearing his coat of arms,three gold lions on a red ground. Cott.Claud.D.II.fol.33 (detail).


    Eleanor of Portugal (1434-1467), wife of Emperor Friedrich III. The Empress wears the crown of her coronation in 1452. On the arm of her chair the arms of Austria and Portugal. Dress: Italian velvet with pomegranate design. Wood, 79 x 51,1 cm, Inv. 4399

    26-01-01/ 2

    Apollo, Chiron, and Hippocrates. Fresco (1st CE) from the Casa d'Adonide or della Regina Carolina, Pompeii, Italy. Inv. 8846


    The Four Continents. Oil on canvas (around 1615) 209 x 284 cm


    The Anatomy of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp. Oil on canvas (1632) 170 x 217 cm


    Telescope, triangle, magnet compass hourglass and pendulum clock (16th and 17th), which belonged to Galileo Galilei.


    Masked doctor during the plague in Venice. From the Grevenbroeck manuscript; 17th century.


    A lesson on hysteria by Jean Martin Charcot (1825-93), pioneer of neurology, at the hospital "la Salpetriere". The patient is Blanche Wittmann, held by Babinski, who hypnotized the patients. Sigmund Freud took lessons with Charcot in 1885-86. Oil on canvas


    The signs of the Zodiac from the mosaic floor of the cathedral of Otranto, southern Italy. November: preparing for winter by chopping fore wood, storing bread, ham and wine. December: killing a bull, fattening a pig. The mosaic was completed in 1166. See also 40-11-24/36-46


    Reverse panels of the altar of The Last Judgement. Center top: Annunciation; below: Saints Sebastian and Anthony,patron of the Hospice de Beaune; left:Nicolas Rolin, chancellor of the Dukes of Burgundy, right: his wife; angels holding the couple's coats of arms. 1434


    Country doctor applying a painful cure of moxibustion (traditional Chinese medical therapy utilizing special herbs) to a man's back. Hanging scroll, silk embroidery. Song Dynasty, China; 10th century CE.


    Vsevolod encounters Gleb of Riazan, who is accompanied by Coumans and prisoners; they fight and use ships to ferry troops across the Oka-River. From the Radziwill Chronicle, an early history of Russia. Page 224 v.,612 miniatures, 15th


    Asklepios and his daughter Hygieia feeding a snake. Funerary relief, marble from the Therme of Salonika. Classical, last quarter 5th BCE Inv. 109 T


    "12 heathen philosophers and their planetary conjunctions" from a manuscript on astrology composed in verse; Wenzelswerkstadt, Prague. Size: 29.5 x 20 cm Inv. Sn 2652, p 2 verso


    An Italian pharmacy; pharmacist, client, and assistant mixing medicine. From "Tacuinum Sanitatis", a medical codex, written and illuminated for the Cerruti Family, probably from Verona (end 14th). Codex s.n. 2644


    Bard professional singer) with lyre. Bronze figure (10th-6th BCE) Geometric Period.


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