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Philosophy (Philosophia). The four heads of the winds in the corners represent the four elements and temperaments: above on the left: Fire and the Choleric temperament, above on the right: Air and the Sanguine temperament, below on the left: Earth and Melancholy, below on the right: Water and the Phlegmatic temperament. (Illustration to Conradi Celtes... quatuor libri amorum - Conrad Celtes: Four books on Love (Amores), printed for the Sodalitas Celtica, Nuremberg, 5 April 1502.) Woodcut, 219 x 148mm. (fol. A6v.) (monogrammed)
Copernican system - With the Sun, not the Earth at the centre of the solar system. The observed motions of the planets are described in terms of a complex set of circular orbits around the sun, this explaination later being replaced with the more elegant system of eliptical orbits. Atlas Coelestis. 'Harmonia Macrocosmica seu Atlas Universalis et novus, totius universi creati Cosmographiam generalem, et novam exhibens ... Studio et labore Andreae Cellarii, etc' by Andreas Cellarius. Amsterdam, Apud J. Janssonium, 1660. Shelfmark: Maps.C.6.c.2 Page Folio Number: after 22