Painting, Watercolour, Plastic Arts, Woodcuts, Etching, Drawing.
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The Mongolian seige of Bagdad in 1258. Double-page from Rashid al-Din's (1247 - 1318) enormous universal history, the "Jami al-Tawarikh". 320 x 230 mm Herat, Afghanistan; around 1430-1434 The Jami al-Tawarikh was commissioned by Mahmud Ghazan, begun as a history of the Mongols and their dynasty and then expanded to include history from Adam to Rashid al-Din's present day. It was completed during the reign of Oljeitu in 1307-1316. The Jami' al-Tawarikh is perhaps the single most comprehensive Persian source on the Mongol period. Sayf Al-Vahedi, who worked as painter in the workshop-library of Baysonqor, is the author of the majority of the illustrations of this manuscript. Realized on a double page, this painting illustrates the siege of Baghdad by the Mongolian armies of Hulagu Khan in 1258. Caliph Al-Musta'sim crosses the bridge on the Tigris, ready to meet Hulagu Kahn (grandson of Genghis Khan). On the top of the walls of the city a Persan poem written by Sayf Al-Vahedi celebrates the charm of Baghdad.
Ottoman soldiers outside Tiflis (Author: Gelibolulu Mustafa Ali, double-page from the"Nusretname", Turkey, 1582). The Ottoman army parading before the walls of Tiflis (Tblisi) in August 1578 after the city had been evacuated by Da' ud Han. Lala Mustafa Pasha is shown on horseback on the right hand side. A double-page miniature painting from a sixteenth century manuscript of the Nusretname, an account of the Turkish conquest of Georgia by Lala Mustafa Pasha in 1578.