Historic Dates - August

George Byron lands on the Ionian Islands

4 August 1823

Poet Lord George Byron (1788-1824) on the Greek coastline. Canvas

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Discovery of the Venus of Willendorf

7 August 1908

Venus of Willendorf. Carved out of limestone, 11cm tall, discovered at an excavation in Willendorf, Lower Austria on 7 August 1908. One of the many female statuettes, nicknamed "Venus" figurines, that were made out of stone, bone and ivory in the Upper Palaeolithic, 28.000 to 12.000 BCE. Statuettes with similar features - symmetrical posture, large breasts, abdomen and buttocks, reduced arms and feet, no face - were found throuout Europe, from western France to Siberia.

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Freemasonry - Masonic Affiliation of Friedrich II

15 August 1738

Master's apron, leather, embroidered. Masonic symbols include a pair of compasses and a T-square.

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Death of Saint Helena of Constantinople

19 August 330

Saint Helena (ca. 246/50 - 18 August 330) also known as Saint Helen, Helena Augusta or Helena of Constantinople was the consort of Emperor Constantius and the mother of Emperor Constantine I. She is traditionally credited with finding the relics of the True Cross, with which she is invariably represented in Christian iconography.

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Death of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux

20 August 1153

Saint Bernard (1090-1153) was a French abbot and and the founder of the abbey of Clairvaux.

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Crusades: The Capture of Acre

20 August 1189

King Richard I Lionheart (1157-1199) watches Muslim prisoners being beheaded after the capture of Acre in 1189. When it became apparent that Saladin was not willing to pay the terms of the treaty at Acre, Richard had more than 3.000 Muslim prisoners executed on August 20 outside of Acre in full view of Saladin's camp. From Sebastien Mamerot's "Les Passages d'outremer faits par les Français contre les Turcs depuis Charlemagne jusqu'en 1462". Illuminated manuscript on parchment (287 sheets, 32x23 cm). Bourges, France; 1474-1475.

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Death of Saint Louis IX of France

25 August 1270

Saint Louis, roi de France et un page - Saint Louis, king of France, and a pageboy. Canvas, 120 x 96,5 cm R.F. 1507

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Birthday of Roman Emperor Commodus

31 August 161 CE

Bust of Emperor Commodus (161-192 CE) as Hercules, 191-192. Excavated on the Esquiline in Rome, 1874. MC 1121

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Saint Bartholomew's Night

23 August 1572

Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre was a turning point in the French Wars of Religion. It was a series of targeted assassinations and mob violence against the Huguenots (French Calvinist Protestants). It started on 23 August 1572 in Paris, on Saint Bartholomew's Night, the eve before the feast of Bartholomew the Apostle. The massacres spread throughout other cities and the countryside and lasted several weeks.

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Fall of Beaucaire during the Albigensian Crusade

24 August 1216

During the Albigensian Crusade in May of 1216, Raymond VII of Toulouse set out from Marseille and besieged the city of Beaucaire, the last redoubt of the Cathars. Beaucaire was captured on 24 August 1216.

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Albert Einstein

30 August 1905

Total solar eclipse 1905

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The Great Fire of London

2 September 1666

The great fire of London in September 1666. Canvas; 17th century.

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