Historic Dates - May

Madrid Uprising during the Napoleonic Wars

3 May 1808

The Third of May. The execution of Spanish insurgents by Napoleonic troops under General Murat, on Principe Pio Hill, Madrid, May 3, 1808. Painted 1814 Oil on canvas, 266 x 345 cm Inv. 749 Companion piece to 40-06-06/36

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Death of Emperor Napoleon I Bonaparte

5 May 1821

Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 - 5 May 1821) was a military and political leader during the the French Revolution. He was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1815 as Napoleon I. He is best remembered for the Napoleonic Wars - wars he led against a series of coalitions, during which he established hegemony over much of Europe and sought to spread revolutionary ideals.

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Signing of the Austrian State Treaty

15 May 1955

The Austrian State Treaty, ending Allied Occupation, was signed on May 15, 1955 in the presence of Foreign Ministers Dulles (USA), Macmillan(GB), Pinay(F), Molotov (USSR) and Figl, Austria. Leopold Figl proudly displays the document to jubilant crowds. Vienna, 1955

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Death of Sandro Botticelli

17 May 1510

La Primavera (Spring). Tempera on wood (1477) 203 x 314 cm Inv. 8360 See also 40-07-01 /61-70

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Summit conference Paris

16 May 1960

Before some 2.000 journalists, Khrushtchev held a closing press conference at the Palais Chaillot, Paris. He blasted the West,the Western press ("riff-raff") and heaped praise on his silent shadow, Defence Minister Malinowski. Paris, 1960

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Coronation of Baudoin I by Doge Dandolo

16 May 1204

Coronation of Baudoin I, Emperor of Byzantium. Oil on canvas

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Naval battle of Juetland (Skagerrak)

31 May 1916

The battle of Juetland (Skagerrak), between the British Grand Fleet with 37 battleships under Admiral Jellicoe and the German fleet with 20 battleships under Admiral Scheer. May 31 to June 1, 1916. Watercolour painted during the battle.

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Battle of Tsushima

27 to 28 May 1905

The Battle of Tsushima, commonly known as the "Sea of Japan Naval Battle" in Japan, was the last and most decisive sea battle of the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. It was fought on May 27-28, 1905 in the Tsushima Strait. In this battle the Japanese fleet under Admiral Heihachiro Togo destroyed two-thirds of the Russian fleet under Admiral Zinovi Petrovich Rozhdestvenski.

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Fall of Constantinople

29 May 1453

The Fall of Constantinople was the capture of the capital of the Byzantine Empire after a siege by the Ottoman Empire commanded by Sultan Mehmed II. According to the Julian Calendar, the siege lasted from 6 April 1453 to 29 May 1453. The event marked the end of the political independence of the Byzantine Empire, which was by then already fragmented into several Greek monarchies.

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Conquest of Tunis

1 June 1535

In 1535 the Spanish Empire attacked Tunis, then under the control of the Ottoman Empire. Holy Roman Emperor Karl V (Charles V) of the Habsburg dynasty assembled a huge army and war fleet. He defeated the fleet of his Turkish opponent, Chaireddin (also known as Hayreddin) Barbarossa and captured Tunis on 1 June 1535. The Dutch artist Jan Cornelisz Vermeyen depicted detailed scenes of the battle on an exquisite tapestry. He even included himself in the painting, acting as a war correspondent.

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