Historic Dates - April

Coronation of Emperor Justinian

4 April 527 CE

East Roman Emperor Justinian I (482-565) with crown and sceptre. Mosaic

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Death of Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio)

6 April 1520

La Vierge et l'Enfant avec le petit saint Jean-Baptiste, dite La Belle Jardiniere. Oil on wood (1507) 122 x 80 cm Inv. 602

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Death of the painter El Greco

7 April 1614

El Greco (1541 - April 7 1614) was a painter, sculptor, and architect of the Spanish Renaissance. His nickname "El Greco" (The Greek) is a reference to his Greek origin. The artist used to sign his paintings with his full birth name, Doménikos Theotokópoulos, in Greek letters.

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Death of Benjamin Franklin

17 April 1790

Portrait of Freemason Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790). Oil on canvas

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Conquest of Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade

12 April 1204

The Conquest of Constantinople, being part of the so called Fourth Crusade in 1204 destroyed parts of the capital cits of the Byzantine Empire. After the Western European and Venetian Crusaders captured the city, the Latin Empire of Constantinople was founded and Baldwin of Flanders was crowned Emperor Baldwin I of Constantinople at the Hagia Sophia basilica.

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Birthday of Painter James Ensor

13 April 2010

James Ensor (13 April 1860 - 19 November 1949) was a Flemish-Belgian painter and printmaker. James Ensor is considered an innovator in 19th century art. He significantly influenced Expressionism and Surrealism and various 20th century artists such as Paul Klee, Emil Nolde and Alfred Kubin.

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Death of Jean-Paul Sartre

15 April 1980

Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (21 June 1905 - 15 April 1980) was a French existentialist. He was one of the leading figures in 20th century French philosophy and extentialism. His work still influences these fields along with sociology, critical theory and literary studies. Sartre was also noted for his long polyamorous relationship with author and social theorist Simone de Beauvoir. In 1964 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature but refused the honour.

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Louis Pasteur completes the first pasteurization tests

20 April 1862

Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) in his laboratory. The great French chemist and microbiologist discovered and developed various vaccines, among them that against rabies. 1885. Oil on canvas, 1,54 x 1,26 cm DO 1986-16

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Birthday of William Shakespeare

23 April 1564

Portrait of William Shakespeare, 1623. This frontispiece to the First Folio edition of Shakespeare's works is one of the earliest portraits of the poet. Droeshout must have worked from a painting or drawing of Shakespeare as a young man, as he himself was only fifteen when Shakespeare died. PD, 1852-6-12-441

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Start of the Novara Expedition

30 April 1857

The Novara Expedition was the first large-scale scientific, around-the-world mission of the Austrian Imperial war navy. Authorized by Archduke Maximillian, the journey lasted two years and three months, from 30 April 1857 until 30 August 1859. Abord the frigate Novara were 345 officers and crew as well as seven scientists. The scientific investigations of the Novara Expedition created the bases for future geological, botanical and zoological research.

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