Historic Dates - October

Feast Day of Saint Francis of Assisi

4 October 1226

Saint Francis of Assisi (born as Giovanni Francesco di Bernardone, 1181/1182- 3 October 1226) was a Catholic deacon and preacher. He was the founder of the Order of Friars Minor, commonly known as the Franciscans. He is known as the patron saint of animals, the environment and one of the two patrons of Italy. It is customary for Catholic churches to hold ceremonies blessing animals on his feast day of 4 October.

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War of Spanish Succession

1701 - 1714

The War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714) was fought over the possible unification of the Kingdoms of Spain and France under one Bourbon monarch. Following victories and losses on both sides, the war lasted for more than a decade. Consequently, the concept of balance of power became part of the international order.

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Battle of Lepanto

7 October 1571

On 7 October 1571 a fleet of the Catholic maritime fought the the main fleet of the Ottoman Empire in the Battle of Lepanto off western Greece. The victory of the Catholic Holy League prevented the Ottomans from advancing further into Europe. It was the last major naval battle in the Mediterranean fought only between galleys.

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First Balkan War

8 October 1912

In the First Balkan War, which lasted from October 1912 to May 1913, the Balkan League (Serbia, Greece, Montenegro and Bulgaria) defeated the Ottoman Empire. The combined armies overcame the Ottoman armies, achieving rapid success. The Balkan states captured almost all remaining European territories of the Ottoman Empire an partitioned them among the allies.

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Battle of Hastings

14 October 1066

The Battle of Hastings was the decisive Norman victory in the Norman Conquest of England. It was fought between the Norman army of Duke William II of Normandy and the English army of King Harold II. The battle took place on October 14 1066 at Senlac Hill, approximately 6 miles northwest of Hastings, close to the present-day town of Battle, East Sussex. The famous Bayeux Tapestry depicts the events before and during the battle.

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First Peformance of "Eroica", Beethoven's Symphony No. 3

16 Ocotber 1804

Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 3 in E flat major (Op. 55) is also known as the Eroica (Italian for "heroic"). The symphony is widely regarded as a mature expression of the classical style of the late eighteenth century that also exhibits defining features of the romantic style that would hold sway in the nineteenth century.

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Philae UNESCO Project (Agilkia Island)

22 to 26 October 1979

Philae-island was partially flooded behind the Old Aswan Dam in 1896. When the temples reemerged after completion of the New High-Dam, they were moved to the near-by island of Agilkia. The temples were taken apart, and rebuilt. Divers retrieve blocks from the Nile. UNESCO world heritage site, third session, 22-26 October 1979.

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Battle of Trafalgar

21 October 1805

The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a sea battle fought between the British Royal Navy and the combined fleets of the French Navy and Spanish Navy, during the War of the Third Coalition of the Napoleonic Wars. The battle was the most decisive British naval victory of the war. Twenty-seven British ships of the line led by Admiral Lord Nelson aboard HMS Victory defeated thirty-three French and Spanish ships of the line under French Admiral Pierre Villeneuve, without a single British vessel being lost. Nelson became Britain's greatest naval war hero.

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Birthday of Pianist and Composer Franz Liszt

22 October 1811

Franz Liszt (22 October 1811 - 31 July 1886) was a Hungarian composer, pianist and conductor. During the 19th century he became famous throughout Europe for his virtuosic skills at the piano. He is said to be the greatest pianist of all time who contributed significantly to the modern development of the art.

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31 October

Halloween has its roots in the Celtic festival of Samhain and the Christian holiday All Saint's Day. One of the most important holidays in the USA, celebrating Halloween has become popular all over the world. Enjoy our selection of spine-tingling pictures and view eerie creatures such as skeletons, ghosts, witches and demons.

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Battle of Issos - Alexander the Great

5 November 333 BCE

The Battle of Issos (also known as Battle of Issus) occurred in southern Anatolia, around 5 November 333 BC. Young Alexander of Macedonia led the invading troops. He defeated the army personally led by Darius III of Persia in the second great battle for primacy in Asia.

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