Historic Dates - March

Women's Suffragists Parade in Washington D.C.

4 March 1913

Suffragette (derived from "suffrage", the right to vote) refers to members of the late 19th and early 20th century women's suffrage movement in the United Kingdom and USA. Originally a derogatory term used by those hostile to women's suffrage, the term later became a label without negative connotations. Suffragettes fought for their cause with direct action, such as chaining themselves to railings. Many imprisoned suffragettes went on hunger strikes, during which they were forcibly fed.

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Marriage of Emperor Napoleon and Josephine de Beauharnais

9 March 1796

On 9 March 1796 Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 - 5 May 1821) married his first wife Josephine de Beauharnais (23 June 1763 - 29 May 1814) in a civil ceremony. She was formerly known as 'Rose', but Napoleon didn't like the name and called her 'Josephine' instead. Josephine never produced an heir to Napoleon's throne, so he eventually divorced her to remarry in March 1810.

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Marriage of Emperor Napoleon and Marie Louise of Austria

11 March 1810

Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 - 5 May 1821) married his second wife Marie Louise, Archduchess of Austria (12 December 1791 - 17 December 1847), a great niece of Marie Antoinette on 9 March 1810. Their marriage lasted until Napoleon's death, although Marie Louise didn't join her husband in exile on Elba. The couple's only child was Napoleon Francis Joseph Charles (20 March 1811 - 22 July 1832), Duke of Reichstadt, who reigned as Napoleon II for only two weeks and died of tuberculosis at age 21.

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Birthday of Composer Hugo Wolf

13 March 1860

Hugo Wolf (13 March 1860 - 22 February 1903) was an Austrian composer of Slovene origin. Wolf is particularly noted for his art songs, called "Lieder."

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Springtime

20 March

Spring is one of the four temperate seasons of the year. Many artists addressed this motif, as "spring" and "springtime" refer to the idea of rebirth, renewal and regrowth. At the spring equinox, which commonly falls on 20 March, days are close to 12 hours long, their length increasing as the season progresses.

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Jaques de Molay, Grand Master of the Knights Templar burned at the stake.

19 March 1314

Jacques de Molay (c.1240/1250 - 19.03.1314) was the 23rd and last Grand Master of the Knights Templar. King Philippe IV of France, deeply in debt to the Templars, had Molay and many other French Templars arrested and eventually burned him at the stake on an island in the Seine river in Paris, on 19 March 1314. The sudden end of the centuries-old order and the dramatic execution turned Jacques de Molay into a legendary figure. Many modern organizations draw their inspiration from the Templar mystique and the memory of Jacques de Molay.

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Birthday of Napoleon II, Duke of Reichstadt

20 March 1811

Napoléon François Joseph Charles (Bonaparte), Duke of Reichstadt (20 March 1811 - 22 July 1832), since 1818 known as Franz, Duke of Reichstadt, was the son of Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, and his second wife, Marie Louise of Austria. His father abdicated in his favour, thereby transferring to him the title of Emperor of the French, in 1815. He died of tuberculosis at Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna on 22 July 1832.

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Death of composer Ludwig van Beethoven

26 March 1827

Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770 - 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist. He is considered the most crucial figure in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western classical music and remains one of the most famous and influential composers of all time.

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Birthday of James VI & I, King of Scots and King of England

27 March 1625

James VI & I (19 June 1566 - 27 March 1625) became King of Scots as James VI from 24 July 1567, suceeding his mother Mary, Queen of Scots. He also became King of England and Ireland on 24 March 1603, when he inherited the English crown from Elizabeth I. He thereby united the Crowns of the Kingdoms of Scotland and England, though each country remained legally separate. James VI & I continued to hold both crowns until his death in 1625.

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Death of Painter Marc Chagall

28 March 1985

Marc Chagall (7 July 1887 - 28 March 1985), was a Belarusian (then Russian Empire) French artist, associated with several key art movements such as Cubism, Symbolism and Fauvism. He created unique works in virtually every artistic medium including painting, illustrations, stained glass, stage sets, ceramic, tapestries and fine art prints.

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Death of Isaac Newton

31 March 1727

Sir Isaac Newton (4 January 1643 - 31 March 1727) was an English scientist who significantly contributed to the fields of physics, mathematics, astronomy and natural philosophy. Newton's work describing universal gravitation and the three laws of motion laid ground for most of classical mechanics. Among other things, he developed a theory of color based on the observation that a prism decomposes white light into the many colors of the visible spectrum.

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