Historic Dates - November

Death of Composer Franz Schubert

19 November 1828

Franz Schubert (31 January 1797 - 19 November 1828) was an Austrian composer of the Romantic period. Despite his relatively short life, he was extremely prolific. Schubert wrote about 600 Lieder, nine symphonies and various other compositions like operas, chamber and solo piano music. His work was rediscovered and championed during the 19th century by composers like Franz Liszt. Schubert remains one of the most frequently performed composers.

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Death of Voltaire

21 November 1694

Voltaire was a French Enlightenment writer, essayist, and philosopher famous for his wit and for his advocacy of civil liberties, including freedom of religion and free trade.

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Siege of Zara during the 4th Crusade

23 November 1202

The Siege of Zara (or Siege of Zadar, Croatian: Opsada Zadra) from November 10 to November 23 in 1202 was the first major action of the Fourth Crusade and the first attack against a Catholic city by Catholic crusaders, that sacked the Croation town. The Fourth Crusade (1202-1204) was originally intended to conquer Muslim-controlled Jerusalem. Instead, the Crusaders of Western Europe eventually invaded, conquered and sacked the Christian Eastern Orthodox city of Constantinople, also known as Byzanz or Istanbul.

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