Historic Dates - January

Leaning Tower of Pisa - Consolidation of the foundation

7 January 1990

The tower began to lean at the beginning of its construction in 1173 because of the marshy ground on which it rests. The inclination had continued to increase each year. On 7 January 1990 construction works to consolidate the foundations began. The inclination was reduced by 40 centimeters, securing the tower for the next 300 years. The monument was opened again for visitors on 15 December 2001.

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Death of Marco Polo

8 January 1324

Marco Polo was a merchant from Venice who traveled to Central Asia, Persia, India and China. The famous and very popular 13th century travelouge "The Travels of Marco Polo" tells the stories of his adventures. The text claims that Marco Polo became an important member of the Mongol leader Kublai Khan's close circle - although some modern scholars debate about how much of the account is accurate.

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Death of Scientist Galileo Galilei

8 January 1642

Galileo Galilei, commonly known as Galileo (15 February 1564 - 8 January 1610) was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher. He played a major role in the Scientific Revolution. His scientific contributions include improvement of the telescope and is consequent astronomic observations - for example, he discovered Jupiter's four largest moons. His open support for a heliocentric view was highly controversial during his lifetime.

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Birthday of Govert Flinck

25 January 1615

Govert (or Govaert) Teuniszoon Flinck (25 January 25 - 2 February 1660) was a Dutch painter. Influenced by Rembrandt, he was an artist of the Dutch Golden Age (Dutch: Gouden Eeuw),a period during which Dutch trade, science, military and art were among the most acclaimed in the world.

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Jerusalem Became Capital City of Israel

23 January 1950

Jerusalem (Hebrew: Yerushaláyim) was declared capital city after the establishment of the State of Israel on 23 January 1950. Jerusalem is a holy city to Judaism as well as Christianity and Islam. One of the many sacred buildings in the city is the prominent Dome of the Rock, an Islamic shrine and major landmark located on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.

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Death of Painter Amadeo Modigliani

24 January 1920

Amedeo Clemente Modigliani (12 July 1884 - 24 January 1920) was an Italian artist. He worked mostly in France and became known for paintings and sculptures in a modern style characterized by mask-like faces and elongation of form. Exacerbated by poverty, overworked and addicted to alcohol and narcotics, he died in Paris of tubercular meningitis.

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Birthday of Composer Franz Schubert

31 January 1797

Franz Schubert (31 January 1797 - 19 November 1828) was an Austrian composer of the Romantic period. Despite his relatively short life, he was extremely prolific. Schubert wrote about 600 'Lieder' (romantic art songs, setting German poems), nine symphonies and various other compositions like operas, chamber and solo piano music. His work was rediscovered and championed during the 19th century by composers like Franz Liszt. Schubert remains one of the most frequently performed composers.

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